Rabu, 25 Mei 2011

Dasar Kode HTML Struktur Dokumen


Dasar Kode HTML Struktur Dokumen
Mulailah menulis tag HTML Anda dengan membuat tata letak dasar itu dokumen Anda. Salin dan sisipkan kode ini ke dalam teks atau editor HTML.
<html><head>
<title> Page Anda Judul </ title>
</head>
<body>
Daerah ini akan berisi segala sesuatu yang akan terlihat melalui browser web, seperti teks dan grafis. Semua informasi akan diberi kode HTML.
Untuk daftar lengkap kode-kode HTML, tag dan contoh-contoh, lihat tabel HTML di bawah.
</body>
</html>
……..
<html> – Dimulai dokumen HTML Anda.
<head> – Berisi informasi tentang halaman seperti TITLE, META tag untuk tepat pengindeksan Search Engine, tag STYLE, yang menentukan tata letak halaman, dan JavaScript coding untuk efek khusus.
<title> – The TITLE halaman. This will be visible in the title bar of the viewers’ browser. Hal ini akan terlihat di bar judul pemirsa ‘browser.
<title> – Menutup <title> tag HTML
</head> – Menutup <head> tag HTML
<body> – Ini adalah di mana Anda akan mulai menulis dokumen Anda dan menempatkan kode HTML Anda
</body> – Menutup <body> tag HTML
</html> – Menutup tag <html>


Tag HTML Bagan
Tag
Name
Code Example
Browser View
<!–
comment
<!–This can be viewed in the HTML part of a document–>
Nothing will show (Tip)
<a -
anchor
<a href=http://www.domain.com/“>
Visit Our Site</a>
Visit Our Site (Tip)
<b>
bold
<b>Example</b>
Example
<big>
big (text)
<big>Example</big>
Example (Tip)
<body>
body of HTML document
<body>The content of your HTML page</body>
Contents of your web page (Tip)
<br>
line break
The contents of your page<br>The contents of your page
The contents of your web page
The contents of your web page
<center>
center
<center>This will center your contents</center>
This will center your contents
<dd>
definition description
<dl>
<dt>Definition Term</dt>
<dd>Definition of the term</dd>
<dt>Definition Term</dt>
<dd>Definition of the term</dd>
</dl>
Definition Term
Definition of the term
Definition Term
Definition of the term
<dl>
definition list
<dl>
<dt>Definition Term</dt>
<dd>Definition of the term</dd>
<dt>Definition Term</dt>
<dd>Definition of the term</dd>
</dl>
Definition Term
Definition of the term
Definition Term
Definition of the term
<dt>
definition term
<dl>
<dt>Definition Term</dt>
<dd>Definition of the term</dd>
<dt>Definition Term</dt>
<dd>Definition of the term</dd>
</dl>
Definition Term
Definition of the term
Definition Term
Definition of the term
<em>
emphasis
This is an <em>Example</em> of using the emphasis tag
This is an Example of using the emphasis tag

embed object
src=”yourfile.mid” width=”100%” height=”60″ align=”center”>
(Tip)

embed object
<embed src=”yourfile.mid” autostart=”true” hidden=”false” loop=”false”>
<noembed><bgsound src=”yourfile.mid” loop=”1″></noembed>
&lt;bgsound src=”wonderfu.mid” autostart=”false” loop=”1″ /&gt;
Music will begin playing when your page is loaded and will only play one time. A control panel will be displayed to enable your visitors to stop the music.
<font>
font
<font face=”Times New Roman”>Example</font>
Example (Tip)
<font>
font
<font face=”Times New Roman” size=”4″>Example</font>
Example (Tip)
<font>
font
<font face=”Times New Roman” size=”+3″ color=”#ff0000″>Example</font>
Example (Tip)
<form>
form
<form action=”mailto:you@yourdomain.com“>
Name: <input name=”Name” value=”" size=”10″><br>
Email: <input name=”Email” value=”" size=”10″><br>
<center><input type=”submit”></center>
</form>
Top of Form
Name: (Tip)
Email:
Bottom of Form
<h1>
<h2>
<h3>
<h4>
<h5>
<h6>
heading 1
heading 2
heading 3
heading 4
heading 5
heading 6
<h1>Heading 1 Example</h1>
<h2>Heading 2 Example</h2>
<h3>Heading 3 Example</h3>
<h4>Heading 4 Example</h4>
<h5>Heading 5 Example</h5>
<h6>Heading 6 Example</h6>
http://www.web-source.net/graphics/headings.gif
<head>
heading of HTML document
<head>Contains elements describing the document</head>
Nothing will show
<hr>
horizontal rule

}_
Contents of your web page (Tip)

Contents of your web page
<hr>
horizontal rule
<hr width=”50%” size=”3″ />
Contents of your web page

Contents of your web page
<hr>
horizontal rule
<hr width=”50%” size=”3″ noshade />
Contents of your web page

Contents of your web page
<hr>
(Internet
Explorer)
horizontal rule
<hr width=”75%” color=”#ff0000” size=”4″ />
Contents of your web page

Contents of your web page
<hr>
(Internet
Explorer)
horizontal rule
<hr width=”25%” color=”#6699ff” size=”6″ />
Contents of your web page

Contents of your web page
<html>
hypertext markup language
<html>
<head>
<meta>
<title>Title of your web page</title>
</head>
<body>HTML web page contents
</body>
</html>
Contents of your web page
<i>
italic
<i>Example</i>
Example
<img>
image
<img src=”Earth.gif” width=”41″ height=”41″ border=”0″ alt=”text describing the image” />
a sentence about your site(Tip)
<input>
input field
Example 1:
<form method=post action=”/cgi-bin/example.cgi”>
<input type=”text” size=”10″ maxlength=”30″>
<input type=”Submit” value=”Submit”>
</form>
Top of Form
Example 1: (Tip)
Bottom of Form
<input>
(Internet Explorer)
input field
Example 2:
<form method=post action=”/cgi-bin/example.cgi”>
<input type=”text” style=”color: #ffffff; font-family: Verdana; font-weight: bold; font-size: 12px; background-color: #72a4d2;” size=”10″ maxlength=”30″>
<input type=”Submit” value=”Submit”>
</form>
Top of Form
Example 2: (Tip)
Bottom of Form
<input>
input field
Example 3:
<form method=post action=”/cgi-bin/example.cgi”>
<table border=”0″ cellspacing=”0″ cellpadding=”2″><tr><td bgcolor=”#8463ff”><input type=”text” size=”10″ maxlength=”30″></td><td bgcolor=”#8463ff” valign=”Middle”> <input type=”image” name=”submit” src=”yourimage.gif”></td></tr> </table>
</form>
Top of Form
Example 3: (Tip)


Bottom of Form
<input>
input field
Example 4:
<form method=post action=”/cgi-bin/example.cgi”>
Enter Your Comments:<br>
<textarea wrap=”virtual” name=”Comments” rows=3 cols=20 maxlength=100></textarea><br>
<input type=”Submit” value=”Submit”>
<input type=”Reset” value=”Clear”>
</form>
Top of Form
Example 4: (Tip)
Bottom of Form
<input>
input field
Example 5:
<form method=post action=”/cgi-bin/example.cgi”>
<center>
Select an option:
<select>
<option >option 1</option>
<option selected>option 2</option>
<option>option 3</option>
<option>option 4</option>
<option>option 5</option>
<option>option 6</option>
</select><br>
<input type=”Submit” value=”Submit”></center>
</form>
Top of Form
Example 5: Tip)
Select an option:
option 1 option 2 option 3 option 4 option 5 option 6
Bottom of Form
<input>
input field
Example 6:
<form method=post action=”/cgi-bin/example.cgi”>
Select an option:<br>
<input type=”radio” name=”option”> Option 1
<input type=”radio” name=”option” checked> Option 2
<input type=”radio” name=”option”> Option 3
<br>
<br>
Select an option:<br>
<input type=”checkbox” name=”selection”> Selection 1
<input type=”checkbox” name=”selection” checked> Selection 2
<input type=”checkbox” name=”selection”> Selection 3
<input type=”Submit” value=”Submit”>
</form>
Top of Form
Example 6: (Tip)
Select an option:
Option 1
Option 2
Option 3
Select an option:
Selection 1
Selection 2
Selection 3
Bottom of Form
<li>
list item
Example 1:
<menu>
<li type=”disc”>List item 1</li>
<li type=”circle”>List item 2</li>
<li type=”square”>List item 3</li>
</MENU>
Example 2:
<ol type=”i”>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>
Example 1: (Tip)
  • List item 1
  • List item 2
  • List item 3
Example 2:
  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4
<link>
link
<head>
<link rel=”stylesheet” type=”text/css” href=”style.css” />
</head>

<marquee>
(Internet
Explorer)
scrolling text
<marquee bgcolor=”#cccccc” loop=”-1″ scrollamount=”2″ width=”100%”>Example Marquee</marquee>
Example Marquee (Tip)
<menu>
menu
<menu>
<li type=”disc”>List item 1</li>
<li type=”circle”>List item 2</li>
<li type=”square”>List item 3</li>
</menu>
  • List item 1
  • List item 2
  • List item 3
<meta>
meta
<meta name=”Description” content=”Description of your site”>
<meta name=”keywords” content=”keywords describing your site”>
Nothing will show (Tip)
<meta>
meta
<meta HTTP-EQUIV=”Refresh” CONTENT=”4;URL=http://www.yourdomain.com/“>
Nothing will show (Tip)
<meta>
meta
<meta http-equiv=”Pragma” content=”no-cache”>
Nothing will show (Tip)
<meta>
meta
<meta name=”rating” content=”General”>
Nothing will show (Tip)
<meta>
meta
<meta name=”robots” content=”all”>
Nothing will show (Tip)
<meta>
meta
<meta name=”robots” content=”noindex,follow”>
Nothing will show (Tip)
<ol>
ordered list
Numbered
<ol>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>
Numbered Special Start
<ol start=”5″>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>
Lowercase Letters<ol type=”a”>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>
Capital Letters
<ol type=”A”>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>
Capital Letters Special Start
<ol type=”A” start=”3″>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>
Lowercase Roman Numerals
<ol type=”i”>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>
Capital Roman Numerals
<ol type=”I”>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>
Capital Roman Numerals Special Start
<ol type=”I” start=”7″>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ol>
Numbered
  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4
Numbered Special Start
  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4
Lowercase Letters
  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4
Capital Letters
  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4
Capital Letters Special Start
  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4
Lowercase Roman Numerals
  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4
Capital Roman Numerals
  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4
Capital Roman Numerals Special Start
  1. List item 1
  2. List item 2
  3. List item 3
  4. List item 4
<option>
listbox option
<form method=post action=”/cgi-bin/example.cgi”>
<center>
Select an option:
<select>
<option>option 1</option>
<option selected>option 2</option>
<option>option 3</option>
<option>option 4</option>
<option>option 5</option>
<option>option 6</option>
</select><br>
</center>
</form>
Top of Form
Select an option: (Tip)
option 1 option 2 option 3 option 4 option 5 option 6
Bottom of Form
<p>
paragraph
This is an example displaying the use of the paragraph tag. <p> This will create a line break and a space between lines.
Attributes:
Example 1:<br>
<br>
<p align=”left”>
This is an example<br>
displaying the use<br>
of the paragraph tag.<br>
<br>
Example 2:<br>
<br>
<p align=”right”>
This is an example<br>
displaying the use<br>
of the paragraph tag.<br>
<br>
Example 3:<br>
<br>
<p align=”center”>
This is an example<br>
displaying the use<br>
of the paragraph tag.
This is an example displaying the use of the paragraph tag.
This will create a line break and a space between lines.
Attributes:
Example 1:
This is an example
displaying the use
of the paragraph tag.
Example 2:
This is an example
displaying the use
of the paragraph tag.
Example 3:
This is an example
displaying the use
of the paragraph tag.
<small>
small (text)
<small>Example</small>
Example (Tip)
<strike>
deleted text
<strike>Example</strike>
Example
<strong>
strong emphasis
<strong>Example</strong>
Example
<table>
table
Example 1:
<table border=“4″ cellpadding=”2″ cellspacing=”2″ width=”100%”>
<tr>
<td>Column 1</td>
<td>Column 2</td>
</tr>
</table>
Example 2: (Internet Explorer)
<table border=“2″ bordercolor=”#336699” cellpadding=”2″ cellspacing=”2″ width=”100%”>
<tr>
<td>Column 1</td>
<td>Column 2</td>
</tr>
</table>
Example 3:
<table cellpadding=“2″ cellspacing=”2″ width=”100%”>
<tr>
<td bgcolor=”
#cccccc“>Column 1</td>
<td bgcolor=”
#cccccc“>Column 2</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Row 2</td>
<td>Row 2</td>
</tr>
</table>
Example 1: (Tip)
Column 1
Column 2
Example 2: (Tip)
Column 1
Column 2
Example 3: (Tip)
Column 1
Column 2
Row 2
Row 2
<td>
table data
<table border=”2″ cellpadding=”2″ cellspacing=”2″ width=”100%”>
<tr>
<td>Column 1</td>
<td>Column 2</td>

</tr>
</table>
Column 1
Column 2
<th>
table header
<div align=”center”>
<table>
<tr>
<th>Column 1</th>
<th>Column 2</th>
<th>Column 3</th>

</tr>
<tr>
<td>Row 2</td>
<td>Row 2</td>
<td>Row 2</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Row 3</td>
<td>Row 3</td>
<td>Row 3</td>
</tr>
<tr>
<td>Row 4</td>
<td>Row 4</td>
<td>Row 4</td>
</tr>
</table>
</div>
Column 1
Column 2
Column 3
Row 2
Row 2
Row 2
Row 3
Row 3
Row 3
Row 4
Row 4
Row 4
<title>
document title
<title>Title of your HTML page</title>
Title of your web page will be viewable in the title bar. (Tip)
<tr>
table row
<table border=”2″ cellpadding=”2″ cellspacing=”2″ width=”100%”>
<tr>
<td>Column 1</td>
<td>Column 2</td>
</tr>
</table>
Column 1
Column 2
<tt>
teletype
<tt>Example</tt>
Example
<u>
underline
<u>Example</u>
Example
<ul>
unordered list
Example 1:<br>
<br>
<ul>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
</ul>
<br>
Example 2:<br>
<ul type=”disc”>
<li>List item 1</li>
<li>List item 2</li>
<ul type=”circle”>
<li>List item 3</li>
<li>List item 4</li>
</ul>
</ul>
Example 1:
  • List item 1
  • List item 2
Example 2:
  • List item 1
  • List item 2
    • List item 3
    • List item 4





                                                                                                                                                                                             


Contoh:


<html>
<head>
<h1><font face="Times New Roman"size="19"color="red"><center><blink>wanita</h1></font></blink>
<marquee><font face="times New Roman"size="9"color="red"><i>wanita ingin selalu dimengerti</i></marquee></font>
<title>wanita</title>
</head>
<hr witdh="78%"color="red"/>
<body>
<br>
<br>
<br>
<br>
<font color="red"size="11">ciri-ciri wanita:</font>
<br>
<ol type="1"><dl>
<dd><li>berambut panjang.</dd></li>
<dd><li>memiliki buah dada</dd></li>
<dd><li>cantik</dd></li>
<dd><li>penyanyang</dd></li>
<dl>
</ol>
<br>
<a href="http://www.sumaye.co.cc"><img src="D:\FOTO\adik gua\4y8H_1.gif"width="12"height="12"/>
</a>

</body>
</html>

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